Is elevating to Base Flood Elevation enough to protect my home
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Summary at a Glance
When you purchased your home your Base Flood Elevation may have looked good at first, but now that you have flooded and your home was at B.F.E. what should you do?

"It wont happen again."
"It's the 500 year event."
"It's the 1,000 year event."

We have heard it all.

A. Builders building new homes and do not follow Elevation requirements set by HUD are not informed.

B. Builders building Slab on Grade in a Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA) are not informed.

C. Communities allowing building below Base Flood Elevation (BFE) +2 are putting people and structures at risk and are not informed.

D. Building in a flood zone X (0.02%) on grade is not a very good calculated risk.

E. Displacing dirt by digging a hole where the water table is at the same or higher level of elevated fill dirt is not informed engineering.

All the points above seemed to be proven during the Louisiana Floods of 2016 and the Texas Floods of 2017.

Our home had it's first elevation survey in 1981.
The surveyor claimed the foundation slab was 42.7 feet and the B.F.E. was 42.7 feet in 1981.

In 1983 11 inches of rain fell in a day over Denham Springs.
The Flood waters reached 300 feet away but did not touch the property.

August 13, 2016 the Amite River reached 46.2ft early that morning.

We had 52 inches of water from ground level.

We are one of the few (450) Substantially Damaged homes and are required to Elevate our Slab on Grade 2800sqft home.

2017 Elevation Certificate data.

1. Base Flood Elevation is 44.5 ft (April 2013 FIRM Data)
2. Ground Elevation is 40.5ft (NAVD88)
3. Slab / Foundation / Grade 40.7ft (Measured)

To reach BFE we would need to elevate at least 37.5 inches.

The River left a mud line of 48 inches inside the home and 52 inches in parts measured from ground level.

Our Building Code calls for B.F.E. and is expecting us to bring our floor up to that level.

But logic would be to build higher than B.F.E. due to the fact that our August Flood of 2016 hit well above our B.F.E.

Community Block Grant Program - Disaster Recovery (CBGP-DR) which is what Restore.LA.Gov is using and they are actually publishing some of the rules regarding elevating with the CBGP-DR Funds.

The first and most important item to remember is if you are applying for the CBGP-DR for elevation you should (must) follow the HUD guidelines and not your local City Planners Guides unless they EXCEED the required elevation standards set by HUD for the CBGP-DR.

We were sent an email telling us it was OK to use the city planners elevation requirements, but in the Federal Notice Nov. 21, 2016, it clearly indicates what is required of us for elevating a home. (See Reference 1)

HUD:

The data to elevate +2 feet above B.F.E. was provided by HUD / CBGP-DR to qualify for any Grant to elevate by reconstruction of a substantially damaged home.

HUD weighs in regarding new construction and substantially damaged homes being rebuilt.
I also read that FHA loans will not be issued to new homes built in SFHA or to homes below HUD elevation standards.

When FIRM data is NOT available or the area is a 0.02% (500 year flood) they show +3 feet AGL or FIRM Map Data elevation. This would match the building codes of neigbhoring cities for properties near known flood zones.

So how high do you elevate?

We used a Topographical Map, checked elevations, mapped river stages reported during the flood and filled in every spot on the map that was 40ft or less.

Then we mapped the water runoff paths and major streets that allowed water to flow.
Using this data we mapped the major flood paths (water flow) and the displacement zones then added one foot for every foot of river stage increase.

In the end, our subdivision had 1.5 feet less than that of the highest river stage.

The only other differences would have been each properties lot elevation above sea level and home elevation above ground level.

Here's what we are doing.

Our City says to elevate your home to Base Flood Elevation (BFE) (Ours is 44.5ft)

Other cities want +1 foot above BFE (45.5ft)

Community Block Grant Program - Disaster Recovery (CBGP-DR) (HUD) wants +2 Feet above BFE (46.5ft)

Our house sits at 40.7 feet.

August 2016 River Stage was 46.2ft.
August 13-15 2016 our property had 5ft of water above ground level.

Today we are following the guidelines set in the Nov. 21, 2016 CBGP-DR publication available at the Federal Register. By following these guidelines you will be eligible for CBGP-DR according to this publication. (See Reference 1).

The major difference is elevation. HUD CBGP-DR requires 2ft above certified B.F.E. to qualify for elevation reimbursements.

That additional +2 feet required by the CBGP-DR would have made our floors 46.5ft above sea level or 5.8 feet above ground elevation which would have placed us just about one foot over the flood water mud line. (Dry Feet)

Now it's my turn to ask you.

How high are you elevating to after the 2016 floods?

 

 

40.9ft Ground Elevation
41.2ft Current slab / floor flooded home
44.2ft B.F.E. (Base Flood Elevation)
45.23ft Flood Mud Line Aug. 2016
46.2ft Elevation standards for Substantial damaged homes. (Us)

Add 2.5ft and you are at our ceilings height, maybe even yours.

The question then was, "Do we build on top of our walls a second story?"
If you add 1ft max margin of error you're only 1.5ft from the ceiling height.

It's really not much so you check your wall structure, take out windows, add reinforcing supports and build your elevated platform starting at 8ft off the ground.
Now you know you have parking under your home.
You also know you qualify for HUD CDBG-DR funds because you followed the Federal Rules.

 

Resources and References:

1. Elevation standards for new construction, repair of substantial damage, or substantial improvement
Allocations, Common Application, Waivers, and Alternative Requirements for Community Development Block Grant Disaster Recovery Grantees
A Notice by the Housing and Urban Development Department published on 11/21/2016

2. FLOOD FIRM DATA LSU AgCenter http://maps.lsuagcenter.com/

3. Denham Springs Code: Residential construction. New construction or substantial improvements for any residential structure shall have the lowest floor, including basement, elevated to or above the base flood elevation. https://library.municode.com/la/denham_springs/codes/code_of_ordinances?nodeId=COOR_CH50FL_ARTIIFLDAPR_DIV2FLHARE_S50-52SPST


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